Monday, March 9, 2020

For a more beautiful yard, plant more beautyberry

Beautyberry (Callicarpa americana): a plant profile


In addition to its iridescent purple berries, beautyberry make your landscape more beautiful because of all the birds it invites to the landscape. In this photo, there is a mockingbird in the upper right and a cardinal in the lower left. 
Beautyberry (Callicarpa americana) is in the mint family (Lamiacaeae). Appropriately enough, the genus name is Greek for beautiful fruit. Usually the fruit is a bright purple, but white berries sometimes occur naturally and both purple- and white-berried shrubs are available in the native plant trade. While there are no other Callicarpa species native to Florida there are others, but most are native to Asia.


Beautyberry is a deciduous shrub with graceful arching branches with opposite leaves. Being in the mint family, crushed leaves are aromatic and can be used as a mosquito repellent. It can grow to eight feet tall and nearly as wide, so plan for that size. It can grow in full sun or partial shade, but it will grow larger and produce more berries in full sun. It is tolerant of various soil types, but does best in a slightly acidic woodland soil. Use this shrub in hedgerows, at the edge of wooded areas, or as a stand-alone shrub. Flowers are borne on new wood. so some people cut it back to the ground in winter every few years to produce a fuller shrub with more stems.

Beautyberry offers good ecosystem services because birds and squirrels eat the berries. The berries are also edible by humans, but are rather bland when eaten raw. They do produce delightful a jelly. The berries can also be used to make a bread. Read my post with a recipe for beautyberry bread where I begin by admitting that harvesting the berries meant that I had robbed the birds. But the bread is really good, so I keep planting more of these shrubs in our yard.

This shrub will self seed. not enough to be weedy, but several per year under each shrub. This keeps us supplied for more plantings on our property with enough to donate to plant sales. I also donated some to the local Audubon chapter for their property that they maintain as a wild area for the birds. I have also started shrubs from cuttings. More than half of them rooted in soil without any rooting hormone.
Digging seedlings under a beautyberry shrub. A larger seedling from under a shrub still transplants well. Just be sure to keep it irrigated until the leaves stop wilting. 
The pale pink beautyberry flowers are not dramatic in the landscape, but they do attract pollinators.


The berries are produced on new wood only and turn from green to purple. 

The berries stay attached through the winter. This photo was taken in Feburary. This makes it an important food source for migrating winter birds. 

Beautyberry is native to all of Florida. Find this rangemap and more at The Atlas of Florida Plants. Beautyberry transplants easily, but planting
when dormant is a good idea.
So should you purchase this plant? Yes!
Beautyberry is not a fussy plant and is easily transplanted. You can plant or transplant it at any time of the year, but it's a good idea to plant this shrub when it's dormant and there are no leaves to support. You will need to irrigate it liberally upon planting either way. If there are leaves, keep up the irrigation until the leaves no longer wilt. While this plant can tolerate relatively poor soils, you can give it a boost, not by adding amendments to the planting hole, but by layng a ring of compost around the plant a few inches outside of the planting hole. Do not dig it into the soil, but its a good idea to add a natural mulch of dried leaves or arborist woodchips on top of the compost. If you repeat the compost layer, next time lay it a bit further from the planting hole. In this way you'll be encouraging the roots to move outward and that makes the shrub even more drought tolerant.

How beautiful!!
So add moe beauty to your yard and your community by planting more beautyberry shrubs.

Green Gardening Matters,
Ginny Stibolt 




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